Q: What is the source of U.S. sanctions against narcotics traffickers?
A: U.S. sanctions against narcotics traffickers come from two major sources. The first is the President's listing of Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers (SDNTs) in 1995. The second is the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (Kingpin Act), which the President signed into law in 1999.
Q: What is the major difference between the two designations?
A: The first category, SDNTs, focuses on narcotics trafficking centered in Colombia. The second category, Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers named under the Kingpin Act (SDNTKs), does not focus on a particular country as the center of the international narcotics trafficking it targets.
Q: What are the regulations in relation to SDNTs?
A: The regulations block the property of four principal figures in the Cali drug cartel along with the property of foreign persons the Attorney General and Secretaries of State and Treasury determine: Plays a significant role in international narcotics trafficking centered in Colombia, or Materially assists or provides financial or technological support for the narcotics trafficking activities of someone designated under these regulations.
Q: What are the regulations under the Kingpin Act?
A: The Kingpin Act blocks the property, subject to U.S. jurisdiction, of any foreign person who the Secretary of Treasury, Attorney General, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration, and the Secretaries of Defense and State determine: Materially assists or provides financial or technological support for the narcotics trafficking activities of someone designated under the Kingpin Act; Is owned, controlled or directed by a person designated under the Kingpin Act; or Plays a significant role in international narcotics trafficking.
Q: How does this affect U.S. persons?
A: U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transaction or dealing with a designated person or entity or that person's or entity’s property. There are strict criminal penalties if a U.S. person violates the sanctions.